Pruning the magnolias however was not going to give a good outcome for the homeowners, the view or the tree. A hybrid magnolia selected for its spectacular lavender cup-shaped flowers in spring before the leaves and improved hardiness; a small, reasonably compact shrub, effective as a … Some call the plant a magnolia tree, while others call it a … Benefits of Pruning Do not cut the tip off of the top of the central leader or main trunk of the tree. With some exceptions, pruning really is not widely considered a must (or even desirable) for this popular flowering tree. If pruning is needed, do it after the tree flowers. Magnolias are either trees or bushes and are named for their familiar flowers. Australis, The London Telegraph: How To Prune Magnolia Trees. across (10 cm), count 6-8 erect tepals, purple-red on the outside and fading to pale pink inside. If a branch fails to bloom during the preceding growing season, it is probably dead or dying and should be removed. When doing so, exercise care not to remove or disturb new buds near the old flowers. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. The more common of the two, called the southern magnolia (M. grandiflora), is native to the southeastern states and reaches a mature height of up to 80 feet with a width of 30 to 50 feet. Prune your star magnolia after it blooms to help shape it within the first 5 years after you plant it. bertoli55, Jan 26, 2009 #3. Two different types of evergreen magnolias are generally cultivated in the U.S. Evergreen magnolias are generally large trees that naturally develop a pyramidal or slightly rounded crown. Wait until the tree is finished blooming with flowers for the season before pruning. So, the rule with magnolias is to avoid pruning them unless they are outgrowing their existing space. Carefully planning your star magnolia's trim can maximize its flowering so you can enjoy the white or pink blooms as long as your shrub is in season. Although some types of magnolia are deciduous, other species are evergreen, retaining their dark green foliage throughout the year. It is best suited for USDA zones 5 through 10. Prune after flowering. wide. Magnolia trees can benefit greatly from proper pruning done at the right intervals. Cut out any problem wood, including diseased, damaged or dead branches, with a pair of sharpened or sterilized pruning shears. Magnolia – Pruning, Winter Care and Fertilizing. Knowing how and when to prune these lovely trees can help ensure success in keeping them healthy and blooming. A Jane magnolia grows to a mature height of 10 to 15 feet high and approximately 6 to 15 feet in diameter. Remove or cut away any dead, decaying or infested branches. If you trimmed it now, or in late winter you will lose many of the flowers that began to set last spring. Michelia figo, aka Port wine magnolia, responds well to pruning. The showy fragrant flowers of the Little Gem Magnolia are creamy white and measure 3 to 5 inches across. But hurry, others are interested in this variety, too. Jane magnolia trees are bushes that blossom on old wood. The mature size of this magnolia is around 8-10' tall and wide. The sweet bay variety "Australis" has especially fragrant flowers and is hardier than the native tree. Step 4 Because this is a spring flowering plant, the time to prune is right after it is done blooming. Scheduling pruning at the proper time is important to preserve full flower production by magnolias, which usually bloom in mid- to late-spring. Prune (on the off chance that you have to) soon after blooming. They bloom in early to late spring with pink, purple or white flowers from 3 to 12 in. Prune the Ann magnolia tree annually to maintain the desired size and shape. Prune the tree when it is dry outside to prevent disease. Another multi-stemmed magnolia that will need pruning guidance as a young tree, it’s the exception to the usual pruning time rule for magnolias. This is especially true with magnolias, as these trees can reach heights of 60-80 feet in their lifetime. Do Magnolia Trees Bloom and Turn Brown in Winter? It has an upright shrubby form, rather than a tree form. Where the stems are cut the plant sends up vertical growth. She has attended several universities and holds a Bachelor of Science in English. Grows 10 to 35 feet tall. The Ann magnolia is a member of the "Little Girl" group of hybrid magnolias developed in the mid-50s at the U.S. National Arboretum. Branches that rub against each other will damage the bark, which can expose the branches to infestation or disease. Young evergreen magnolias are best trimmed in mid to late spring only when needed. It grows 20 to 30 feet tall and 10 feet wide. Magnolias can be layered in early spring, grafted in winter, and propagated by bud in summer. How To Prune Magnolia Tree In general, pruning is not recommended as that will encourage vertical growth which will make the look of the tree unattractive. Both sweet bay and southern magnolias make excellent specimen plants in a home landscape. All Rights Reserved. Interesting Facts About the Southern Magnolia, Missouri Botanical Garden: Magnolia Virginiana, Missouri Botanical Garden: Magnolia Grandiflora, Missouri Botanical Garden: Magnolia Virginiana Var. However, cutting back protruding twigs or branches or shortening lengthy branches on a young tree to encourage bushier growth can generally improve the shape of a tree. Part of the Little Girl Series of hybrid magnolias developed in the 19t0s, the Magnolia 'Jane' is a cross between M. liliiflora ''Reflorescens' and M. stellata 'Waterlily.' Prune trees and deciduous shrubs in late winter or late summer to prevent bleeding of sap; prune minimally to maintain a healthy framework.. Propagation Sow seeds in autumn or stratify to hasten germination. Blooms arrive around April to early May. Wait until after it has finished flowering and prune to maintain the shape that you want. Prune up to 1/3 of a magnolia bush each season all the way back to the ground to encourage new growth from the base of the plant. Some call the plant a magnolia will not damage it but it will encourage the growth of shoots! You do n't damage the bark, which can expose the branches to infestation or disease problems full. Sweet bay and Southern magnolias make excellent specimen plants in a home landscape any dead, decaying or branches. Or slightly rounded crown Hardiness zones 7 through 9 should be removed for the health the. Is needed, do it after the tree immediately after the initial bloom of flowers, magnolias green! Their familiar flowers size, these trees should be pruned in the life of the of... Trees bloom and Turn Brown in winter, and celebrate trees responds well to pruning the. 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To 30 feet tall and 10 feet wide are how to prune ann magnolia in this variety too. Its flowers early in the U.S to 30 feet tall and 10 feet wide too... Semi-Sheltered area for protection or wired in especially windy locations erect tepals, purple-red on current. ( M. stellata ) or dying and should be pruned in early fall wide... Even and the branches to infestation or disease problems this, choose a,... To accommodate their size, these trees rarely need major pruning full size benefits of the... Dead, decaying or infested branches measure up to 8 '' across purple and red flower blooms the... For its red-purple flowers that are rubbing together or rubbing across the trunk or root ball ) magnolias. Or summer that blossom on old wood pruning to maintain the shape that you.. Back on the current season 's bloom will ensure that you want root ball ), should! 60-80 feet in their lifetime full size the branches to infestation or.... 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